It was here, in this working farmhouse, that Sir Alexander Fleming was born in 1881. The penicillin pioneer spent most of his childhood here at Lochfield in its inspirational surroundings, where his birth is commemorated by a memorial.
He said that he "unconsciously learned a great deal from nature" whilst growing up here and exploring the 800 acres of streams, valleys and moors at Lochfield Farm at that time.
After completing his education at nearby Kilmarnock Academy, Fleming moved to London to join his brother Tom and went on to study medicine. In 1928 Fleming discovered penicillin - the first antibiotic - whilst working at St. Mary's Hospital, Paddington. His discovery, along with later work by Howard Florey and Ernst Chain to develop the drug, has since saved countless lives and is often hailed as the single most important practical advance in the history of medicine.